Referencing Guide


If you are using a direct quote or even paraphrasing a source you must reference your sources.

For example; if your text says ‘The huge scale of the war effort meant that some people became wealthy and this was resented.’

And you write ‘The massive scale of the war effort meant that some people became very rich and this made a lot of people upset’ you MUST still reference this.

In order to write in your own words and with your own interpretation the best thing you can do is take dot point notes from your sources then write your piece from those notes.


You need to create a footnote whenever you reference a source.

BOOKS Initial, Surname. Year. Title of book, Publisher, Place of publication, page(s) number(s).
WEBSITE Initial, Surname (f any). Year. ‘Title of Article’. Website link. Date accessed.


1.In Microsoft Word go to ‘insert footnote’ when your cursor is at the end of your sentence.
2.A little number will appear at the end of the sentence and at the bottom of the page.

3.Next to the number at the bottom of the page type in the publication details exactly as you would for a bibliography EXCEPT put the initial before the surname (example at the bottom of the page).

4.Also, if you are using a book, type in the page number as well at the end.

5.Do this for every reference.


The Great War was said to be ‘the war to end all wars.’[1] In hindsight, this seems overly optimistic as the Second World War was caused largely by a number of unresolved issues of WWI. Some historians argue that it is more accurate to view the early twentieth century as one long war, that WWII was merely a continuation of WWI.[2]


All of the material you have made reference to in your work must appear at the end in a bibliography. There are some differences between footnote and bibliography references.

BOOKS Surname, Initial. Year. Title of book, Publisher, Place of publication.
For one author: Houghton, R. 2013. Schools: a philosophical investigation, Rosehill Press, Melbourne.
For multiple authors: Kakadia, D & DiMambro, F. 2004. Networking concepts and technology: a designer’s resource, Sun Press, London.
WEBSITES Name of author (if any). Year. ‘Title of article’. URL address. Date accessed.
Liakakos, V. 2002. ‘How to Cite Websites.’ Accessed 16/2/2014.

[1] S. Bruckard. 1997. Why World War One Was Really Bad, Oxford Books, Melbourne, pp. 157 – 160.

[2] H. Bowles. 2008. ‘Did WWII actually exist?’ Accessed 15/2/2014.

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